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This week's 10-Minute Torah (March 12, 2022): "Parashat Vayikra" 5782

Updated: Mar 7, 2022

Parashat Vayikra 5782 / פָּרָשַׁת וַיִּקְרָא

Read on 12 March 2022 / 9 Adar II 5782.

Parashat Vayikra is the 24th weekly Torah portion in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.

In Vayikra (“He Called”), the first Torah portion in the Book of Leviticus, God tells Moses about the sacrifices offered in the Mishkan (Tabernacle). Among these are sacrifices entirely burnt on the altar, meal offerings made of flour and oil, peace offerings, and sacrifices brought for sinning inadvertently.

Triennial year 3

1: 4:27-31 · 5 p’sukim ·

2: 4:32-35 · 4 p’sukim ·

3: 5:1-10 · 10 p’sukim ·

4: 5:11-13 · 3 p’sukim ·

5: 5:14-16 · 3 p’sukim ·

6: 5:17-19 · 3 p’sukim ·

7: 5:20-26 · 7 p’sukim ·

maf*: Deuteronomy 25:17-19 · 3 p’sukim · *Shabbat Zachor

Haftarah*: I Samuel 15:2-34 · 33 p’sukim *Shabbat Zachor

The Torah book of Leviticus (Vayikra) is mostly about the processes and rituals of the Cohenim and Levitim serving in the Tabernacle now, and the future Temple.

Parashat Vayikra is the first portion. It introduces us to the four main offerings of the Israelites: Burnt-offering (complete gift to Hashem); Thanksgiving offering (gratitude); and a Hattat offering (unintentional sin). Repentance is covered later.

There has been much discussion about the rituals to be done when the Third Temple is built (May it be speedily in our days). Wil animal sacrifice be reinstituted as per Torah commandments? Since we’ve gone over two thousands without, will the sages reinterpret offerings to be only prayer offerings?

Prophets have commented that Hashem does not want our offerings, only our sincerity when we pray. Many have suggested that these comments portend future Temple processes. On the other hand, it is said that when the King Messiah comes and re-establishes the Monarchy of David as in former times, sacrifices will be once again commence. After all, we say every day in our weekday Amidah (Tefillah LeHol) that we pray for the restoration of the Davidic dynasty and also the sacrificial offerings. Some say as well that the main reason why the original Israelites offered sacrifices is because that was the ritual of time. Animals were used instead of humans.

We shall see.

Shabbat Zachor 2022 / שַׁבָּת זָכוֹר 5782

Shabbat before Purim 🕍

Shabbat Zachor for Hebrew Year 5782 begins at sundown on Friday, 11 March 2022 and ends at nightfall on Saturday, 12 March 2022. This corresponds to Parashat Vayikra.

Shabbat Zachor ("Sabbath [of] remembrance שבת זכור) is the Shabbat immediately preceding Purim. Deuteronomy 25:17-19, describing the attack by Amalek, is recounted. There is a tradition from the Talmud that Haman, the antagonist of the Purim story, was descended from Amalek. The portion that is read includes a commandment to remember the attack by Amalek, and therefore at this public reading both men and women make a special effort to hear the reading.

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